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Deliver Lecture

Attendance (How to track students in a virtual classroom?)

There’s an acknowledgement that there’s a connection between higher levels in attendance and better marks in assessments, while low attendance is regarded as a lack of motivation to study. However, skipping class doesn’t necessarily mean a lower performance, there will always be exceptions. There are students who do well without attending every class, and there are some students who fail despite never missing a class. Still, research shows that students who got good attendance have a greater chance of academic success (Muir, 2009). The attendance is not only for academic attainment, but also a method to encourage development of other positive behaviors, such as building social skills, developing a good attitude towards learning, people, and the surrounding community. And while nothing can compensate for the insight gained during class discussion or group activity, students shouldn’t be immediately demoralized by poor attendance.

Here are some techniques you could use to track student attendance in virtual classroom:

  1. Google Forms – You can import the student name list to create an attendance sheet. The result will be sent to Google Sheet with a data and time stamp.
  2. Manual attendance – You can check the attendance with just pen and paper as in the regular classroom. It may take more time and is really difficult to detect whether students are present or leaving during the class. Shifting to an online attendance management system will save your time and effort to manage the attendance.
  3. Ask questions – You can ask questions randomly to students. They can give the answer in the chat box or submit audio recordings.
  4. Video call – To ensure that every student is presenting, you can ask them to keep the camera open during the roll call, and disable the camera after the attendance checking is done.
  5. Short quiz or poll before/after the class – One of the most practical ways is having students take part in a quiz or poll and submit the answer in the given time. Several online LMS offers a feature to create a prompt question and captures quiz answers together with timestamp and email id of students.
  6. Class discussion – You can engage students to take part in discussions at the start or at the end of the class.
  7. Support from parents – Sharing your lesson plan in advance with parents will help engage them and also motivate them to track learning progress and what is being taught to their children.

Further Readings:

  1. Why Is School Attendance Important? The Effects of Chronic Absenteeism https://soeonline.american.edu/blog/importance-of-school-attendance
  2. Every School Day Counts: The Forum Guide to Collecting and Using Attendance Data      https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2009/attendancedata/chapter1a.asp
  3. The importance of school attendance
    https://swipesolutionsinc.com/the-importance-of-school-attendance/
  4. The importance of tracking student attendance https://learn.oregonstate.edu/sites/learn.oregonstate.edu/files/tools-clickers/handouts/theimportanceoftrackingattendance.pdf
  5. How to track attendance during virtual learning   https://www.thetechedvocate.org/how-to-track-attendance-during-virtual-learning/
  6. Tracking Student Attendance 
    https://www.nea.org/professional-excellence/student-engagement/tools-tips/tracking-student-attendance
  7. HOW TO TRACK STUDENT ATTENDANCE DURING ONLINE LEARNING
    https://www.myeducomm.com/blog/how-to-track-student-attendance-during-online-learning/
  8. Best Tips to Track Student Attendance During Online Classes https://www.ken42.com/blog/best-tips-to-track-student-attendance-during-online-classes
  9. Tips to Track Student Attendance During Online Classes  https://itechindia.co/blog/tips-to-track-student-attendance-during-online-classes/
  10. Tips to Track Student Attendance During Online Learning https://fedena.com/blog/2020/05/tips-to-track-student-attendance-during-online-learning.html
Online Meeting Tools

There are several video conferencing tools available out there in the market – from simply pre-recorded lessons or live-streamed videoconferencing to interactive video software. It helps boost up the communication and interaction between teachers and students when the remote learning is conducted. Besides, teachers can emphasize the use of video conferencing to encourage student participation, enrich learning experiences, and provide flexibility in terms of assessments, learning pace and accessibility.

Here are a list pf online meeting tools that could flourish your curriculum and making learning more meaningful:

  1. Google Meet – Meet offers various services regarding online meeting with the integration of G Suite. With advanced features, businesses, schools, and other organization can organize meeting with up to 500 internal or external participants and live-streaming to up to 100,000 viewers within a domain, while regular online meetings support up to 100 participants and meet for up to 60 minutes per meeting.
  2. Microsoft Teams – Launched as part of the Office 365 productivity suite, it is a collaboration platform that works as a central hub with features such as chat, voice, video and file sharing. Its power lies in users’ ability to work together through multiple different channels which could be public, open to everyone to join, or private where new users need to be authorized to join.
  3. Cisco WebEx – This business-based video conferencing application is specially designed for video conferencing and online events. Using a virtual whiteboard is also possible for sharing notes.
  4. Zoom – While this platform shares general features as others, it comes with a time limit of 40 minutes under its free option. Administrators have an authority to quickly access several functions to take control over the meeting. For example, locking the meeting, creating a waiting room for new additional participants, allowing participants to share their screens, the chat, etc.

 

Related MUIC workshops:

  1. https://muic.mahidol.ac.th/eng/online-workshop-how-to-use-online-meeting-webex-google-hangout-zoom-2/
  2. https://muic.mahidol.ac.th/eng/microsoft-teams-teacher-staff-enablement/

Further Readings:

  1. The Importance of Video Conferencing in Education https://www.freeconference.com/blog/the-importance-of-video-conferencing-in-education/
  2. VIDEO CONFERENCING IN THE CLASSROOM                                      https://ce.fresno.edu/news/video-conferencing-in-the-classroom/
  3. Why Web-Conferencing Matters: Rescuing Education in the Time of COVID-19 Pandemic Crisis                                           https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/feduc.2021.752522/full
  4. ADVANTAGES OF VIDEO CONFERENCING IN EDUCATION https://generations.edu/blog/advantages-video-conferencing-education
  5. ‘What is Google Meet?’: A guide to Google’s professional video-conferencing service, including pricing options and how to join a meeting          https://africa.businessinsider.com/tech/what-is-google-meet-a-guide-to-googles-professional-video-conferencing-service/5mq92xp
  6. What is Zoom? A comprehensive guide to the wildly popular video-chatting service for computers and smartphones
    https://www.businessinsider.com/what-is-zoom-guide
  7. Everything You Need to Know About Using Zoom                          https://resources.owllabs.com/blog/zoom
  8. Instructional Video and Web Conferencing                                 https://www.nyu.edu/faculty/teaching-and-learning-resources/strategies-for-teaching-with-tech/instructional-video-and-web-conferencing.html
  9. Cisco WebEx   https://www.techtarget.com/searchunifiedcommunications/definition/Cisco-Webex
  10. Microsoft Teams: How to use it, and how it stacks up to Slack and Zoom https://www.computerworld.com/article/3276276/microsoft-teams-its-features-how-it-compares-to-slack-and-other-rivals.html
  11. What is Microsoft Teams?
    https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/topic/what-is-microsoft-teams-3de4d369-0167-8def-b93b-0eb5286d7a29
Engaging Students in Learning

Several strategies have been proposed to increase students’ engagement behaviorally and cognitively, with the purpose of positively simulating their learning and achievement. Some common techniques include hands-on activities, discussion, autonomy support, use of mixed media, friendly competition, and gamify learning. 

In the 21st century, teamwork is seen as an integral part of the learning curve both in physical and virtual classrooms. Teachers tend to bring students together to enrich learning and create more meaningful experiences. Two terms are gradually present in the educational world; cooperative and collaborative learning. They are not working against but rather complement each other. In cooperative learning, students remain autonomous, while exchanging relevant information, ideas, and resources in support of each other’s goals. Lecturer directs the learning process and resources, and appoints each individual with a specific task to complete the activity. Though the students are heterogeneously set up, each individual has to master their part and share this information with others for collective understanding. Cooperative learning is basically combining members’ share of the work to solve a larger problem through teacher-structured activities.

Conversely, collaborative learning is speaking to a group-structured mode of learning where students organize and allocate responsibilities among themselves. They are working individually while respecting the abilities and contribution of other group members, and progressing as a team. For the project to be successful, each part needs to come together to make a whole through sharing knowledge, making use of each other’s resources, and guiding each other to achieve a common goal. Teacher’s responsibility is limited to the role of facilitator whose assistance may be needed only when students ask. The learning outcomes, group performance, and final product are evaluated by its members.

Examples of cooperative and collaborative learning techniques:

Some following learning techniques can be used interchangeably across two groups, with some significant differences depending on the lecturers’ practices.

Cooperative Learning TechniquesCollaborative Learning Techniques
  1. Jig-Saw
    Students are placed in ‘home-groups’. Each group is responsible for a subcategory of a larger topic, which is called ‘expert-groups’. Each individual in the “home-group” is assigned to a specific task, and must shuffle between those ‘expert-groups’  to learn, and later come back to their group to teach what they’ve learned to gain collective understanding.
  2. Think-Pair-ShareTeachers create open-ended questions and allow students to quickly think about the topic for one or two minutes. Students then are paired up with other students to discuss their thoughts, and later share the refined ideas with the rest of the class to solve a greater problem.
  3. Round Robin3 – 4 Students are grouped and provided with a question or topic to discuss. Each individual takes turns to answer (2-3 sentences) on a paper. The paper is then passed around to other members of the group to answer. When the paper is back to the first person, each idea is discussed and summarized to come up with the answer/thought on the given topic.
  4. Numbered Heads TogetherStudents are put in groups of four. Each group member is given a number 1-4. Students then gather to figure out the answer to the provided question. Teacher will later choose one student to answer as a spokesperson of the group. Students must ensure that they share the same understanding and know an answer as the rest of the group members because no one knows which number will be called.
  5. Three-Step ReviewThis strategy incorporates role-playing and discussion through activities such as active listening, sharing information and note taking. Students are grouped into groups of three. Each member takes turns assuming the role of interviewer, interviewee and reporter.
  1. Brain Writing

    Teachers posted a question/topic on an online platform ahead of class, and have students share their thoughts/ideas on the topic openly or anonymously. This strategy encourages student’s participation, especially the shy one, and prevents the phenomenon called anchoring, which involves the influence that early suggestion greatly had over the direction of discussion.

  2. Think-Pair-Share

    Students are broken into pairs to discuss and analyze on the given topic, and later share with the rest of the class.

  3. Peer Review

    This is the future of students’ evaluation. Students are viewed and inspired by one another’s work. They are put in the assessor role to critically think how to approach the work and give feedback, and at same time, learn from getting the prompt feedback from their peers.

  4. Break out group discussion

    The students are set up and meet for scheduled sessions and brainstorm ideas. It can also be applied to online learning platform like Zoom, Google Meet, Team, .etc. to foster learning and community building

  5. Socratic Seminar

    The goal is to pursue a deeper understanding of the topic discussed. Students sit circularly, and go over the open-ended questions proposed by the teacher. They ask a series of questions, and listen to the comment of others, think critically, and deduce conclusion.

  6. 3-2-1 Technique

    This strategy can be used at any time during a lesson to encourage students to reflect their learning experience and identify unclear areas. The basic structure consists of 3 key things presented in the lesson, 2 things that supported those ideas, and 1 question they still have about the content. Students are asked to shared their own answers, and look at these three pints with the rest of the class.

 

Related Workshop:

  1. https://muic.mahidol.ac.th/eng/introduction-to-collaborative-digital-writing-text-analysis-apps-and-managing-online/
  2. https://muic.mahidol.ac.th/eng/challenge-project-based-learning-a-digital-workflow-for-student-engagement/
  3. https://muic.mahidol.ac.th/eng/challenge-based-learning-cbl-design-sprint-collaborative-brainstorming-to-empower-learners-of-all-levels-and-mbp-multimedia-book-review-projects-a-project-based-learning-model-for-literature/

Further Readings:

  1. Cooperate or Collaborate?  https://www.ascd.org/el/articles/cooperate-or-collaborate
  2. Difference Between Collaborative Learning and Cooperative Learning  https://keydifferences.com/difference-between-collaborative-learning-and-cooperative-learning.html#:~:text=In%20collaborative%20learning%2C%20it%20is,is%20a%20teacher%2Dstructured%20activity
  3. Difference Between Cooperative and Collaborative Learning https://eztalks.com/online-education/difference-between-cooperative-and-collaborative-learning.html
  4. 10 Collaborative Learning Strategies for Online Teachers https://www.teachfloor.com/blog/10-collaborative-learning-strategies-for-online-teachers
  5. Collaborative Learning Techniques https://www.bates.edu/faculty-commons/files/2016/08/Collaborative-Learning-Techniques.pdf
  6. 7 Online Collaborative Learning Strategies to Keep Students Engaged While At Home
    https://www.eduflow.com/blog/online-collaborative-learning-strategies-to-keep-students-engaged-while-at-home
  7. 10 Collaborative Learning Strategies for Online Teachers https://www.teachfloor.com/blog/10-collaborative-learning-strategies-for-online-teachers
  8. Cooperative Learning Strategies https://www.teacheracademy.eu/blog/cooperative-learning-strategies/
  9. Cooperative Learning Strategies  https://serc.carleton.edu/introgeo/cooperative/techniques.html
  10. Cooperative Learning Strategies  https://static.fasdoutreach.ca/www/toolbox/c/Cooperative_Learning_Techniques.pdf
  11. Cooperative Learning Strategies  https://cals.arizona.edu/classes/aed460/cooperative_learning_techniques.htm
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